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  1. Drink plenty of fluids: water, juices, teas, …
  2. It clears the nostrils with isotonic or hypertonic irrigations solutions or balsamic inhalations.
  3. Keep rigorous hygiene: wash hands with soap and water or alcohol gels, tissues, …
  4. Adequately ventilate the house or workplace and keep a comfortable temperature: 21-24 ° C
  5. If you smoke, try to reduce consumption or quit.
  6. Use the right clothes to avoid suffering sudden temperature changes.
  7. Take foods rich in vitamins to improve your defenses: vegetables, citrus, …
  8. Prevents the spread when you sneeze, protect your mouth and nose with a handkerchief. Do not take the hands to the eyes and mouth.
  9. Prioritize open spaces against very tight and crowded, to reduce the risks of contagion places.
  10. If you have fever or intense discomfort, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Sun and sensitive skin

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The sun’s rays: UVA and UVB and skin

UVA: Very sharp, altered elastic fibers in the skin and are responsible for premature aging. Involved in the genesis of certain skin cancers. UVB: stimulate melanin, resulting in the appearance 48h tan. Responsible, in the short term, “burn”, and long term, premature skin aging and the genesis of certain skin cancers.

Meet our phenotype is learning to be cautious

If today we need not stress the usefulness of the sun for their contributions in vitamin D and the pleasure it provides, if necessary to recall the dangers of long exposures. Its relationship with the sun depend on their skin type, this is determined by the color of the skin, eyes, hair and tanning capacity. Therefore we need to know the effects of the sun to reap the benefits, protecting the skin against harmful effects. PHOTOTYPES | PHARMACY ALBATROS MARBELLA

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[flowplayer src=’’ width=352 height=240] The skin may express reactions to sunlight in a thousand ways. To describe simply distinguish the immediately visible reactions, called “short term”, and it takes longer to manifest and appear “long term”.

Short term

The normal reactions

the tan

Tanning is actually a natural defense reaction of the skin against A and B. The melanocytes ultraviolet (found at the base of the epidermis) begin to synthesize melanin (brown pigment) in larger quantity. The function of melanin is to absorb radiation and create a protection and a brown or golden color: tan. The abundance and distribution of melanin determine skin color and their reactivity to the sun.

the burn

Sunburn is caused by UVB and are sampled from overexposure. With today’s solar products, and after all information campaigns should no longer exist. But “still exist” because some people are reckless or unable to protect themselves. The burn may be several degrees. The first degree involves a simple redness, clearly drawing the exposed areas; this is painful redness, stinging. The second level involves blisters (skin off). Other symptoms include dizziness, headaches, fever, being able to dehydration from heat stroke.

Abnormal reactions: photodermatosis

Photodermatoses skin diseases are due to light. Some are due to UVB, UVA other, but most often a combination of the two.


Commonly known as “sun allergy”. Benign summer radiodermatitis is the only fotodermatosis is really common. It is characterized by a rash on the neck and forearms, very annoying itching. Radiodermatitis called “polymorphic” and solar urticaria are rarer. Your dermatologist will know immediately recognize or during scanning.

The photosensitization

In this case, the sun is the only culprit; the effects are triggered by a substance called photosensitiser, applied to the skin or taken orally. Local photosensitizers may be contained in plant, perfumes or certain drugs (local antiinflammatory).

Long term

Eventually, after years of accumulation and excessive exposures, other manifestations may occur.


It is dark spots, which are in the most exposed areas (face and hands). Premature skin aging is noted on the face, neck, neck and in the back of the hands and forearms: wrinkles, sun spots (actinic lentigo), elastosis (yellow skin and thick, cheeks, neck ) …

Increased risk of skin cancers

It is the most serious consequence of sun exposure: fully justifies prevention campaigns organized by doctors. Indeed, it has been proven that the fact protect against ultraviolet rays from infancy throughout life reduces the risk of skin cancers. The skin damage can be observed at several levels:

Actinic keratoses

Rough injuries are often on the face, back of the hand and scalp of people of mature age. Should be removed because they are real pioneers of skin cancers.

Skin cancers

Carcinomas are the most common. Most of the time, their evolution remains locally. However, it is necessary to establish an early diagnosis to treat them when they are still small. They start with small “pearls” translucent, tough and recurrent crusts. – Melanomas are much more serious: metastasize, ie migrating rapidly and therefore can be deadly. It is generally dark or black, irregular spots that increase quite rapidly in size. Early diagnosis is of vital importance.

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  • The best protection is clothing. To everyone, especially the children, shirt, hat and sunglasses (approved).
  • Babies and young children should not be exposed to direct sunlight
  • Burns caused by the sun are dangerous, especially in children
  • Avoid exposure between 11 am and 16 pm
  • Sun exposure should be progressive
  • The sand, snow, water can reflect more than half of the sun’s rays on the skin
  • Reapply your sunscreen anti UVB and UVA anti every 2 hours and after swimming, regardless of the level of protection for your sunscreen
  • Use a sunscreen adapted to your skin type
  • Sunscreen is not intended to extend the exposure time
  • In altitude in the tropics, it is necessary to increase the level of product protection commonly used …

Prudence her best friend

  • Drink regularly, the sun dehydrates the body very quickly (pay attention to young children and the elderly).
  • If you bathe, dry after swimming to avoid magnifying effect of water droplets causing burns.

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