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The term derives from rhinitis: “Rhin” meaning belonging to the nose.
“Itis” means inflammation. Therefore rhinitis is an inflammation that specifically affects the nasal mucosa is the mucous membrane lining the inside of the nasal cavity art.
Symptoms are .:
– Nasal discharge and nasal blockage.
– Sneezing attacks.
– Itchy nose, eyes, throat and even ears.
– Pain and swelling of the eyes.
It can also lead to a series of secondary symptoms such as headache, cough, sore throat and sore.
Symptoms usually appear early and allergic rhinitis can be of two types
A.- Seasonal allergic rhinitis. Known as “hay fever”, “hay fever” or “rhinoconjunctivitis. It occurs mainly in spring and summer and is associated with exposure to pollen from trees, seeds, weed, grass etc being, therefore, the pollen in this case the antigenic substance that produces it.
B.- Perennial allergic rhinitis. Also called chronic allergic rhinitis. It usually occurs in any season and the antigenic substance that causes the problem, it is more difficult to identify.
The most common are:
-insects furniture or mattresses.
-acaros occur in the skin or pets.
Allergic rhinitis is not serious but can be complicated leading to
1. Avoid contact with the allergen or allergens responsible.
2. immunotherapy or desensitization (shots)
3. Drugs (antihistamines, topical corticosteroids, decongestants, anticholinergics, cromolyn sodium.